目录

Ubuntu 安装黑客背单词Reciteword

目录

Reciteword是一款中文界面的背单词软件(也称黑客背单词),功能比较强大。在Ubuntu中安装可能会遇到一些小困难,故在此说明一下。
本文介绍的是从源码编译安装的过程。
Table of Contents
1 下载及安装(转载部分)
1.1 下载程序
1.2 准备工具
1.3 黑客背单词的安装
2 遇到的编译错误
3 问题解决
1 下载及安装(转载部分)
1.1 下载程序
reciteword的网站是:
作者提供了如下几个包,请按需下载源码包:
主程序源码(必须) reciteword

课本(重要) reciteword-books
词典(可选) reciteword-dicts
皮肤(可选) reciteword-skins-rw
真人发音 WyabdcRealPeopleTTS (可选,是stardict的真人语音)
1.2 准备工具
先安装编译需要的包
apt-get install libesd0-dev pkg-config libgtk2.0-dev esound
如果是Ubuntu 8.04版本,安装时可能会出现删除pulseaudio-esound-compat,ubuntu- desktop这两个文件,请之后再安装回去,如果不安装,进入桌面后桌面不成正常使用,我的方法是重启后按ctrl+alt+f1,进入控制台,打入以下命令:
sudo apt-get install ubuntu-desktop就会安装这两个文件,重启后正常 安装libesd0-alsa0,保证开启esd後,仍能用alsa。
apt-get install libesd-alsa0启用esd,这是reciteword播放声音所必须的:(假设是gnome环境)
在菜单中:系统->首选项->音效,在打开的窗口中:音效->允许软件混音(ESD)。
为了使设置生效,建议你最好重新启动系统。
1.3 黑客背单词的安装
安装过程就没有什么特别的了,进入存有reciteword的文件后:

 tar -xvfj reciteword-*.tar.bz2
  cd reciteword-0.*
  ./configure –prefix=/usr
  make
  sudo make install 
  2

遇到的编译错误
ubuntu会出现这样编译出错

bookfile.cpp: In function ‘gchar* rw_book_get_value(const gchar*, gchar*, gint)’:
bookfile.cpp:95: error: invalid conversion from ‘const char*’ to ‘gchar*’
bookfile.cpp: In function ‘gint rw_book_get_file_info(gchar*, gchar**, gchar**, gchar**, gchar**, gchar**, gchar**)’:
bookfile.cpp:140: warning: deprecated conversion from string constant to ‘gchar*’
bookfile.cpp:153: warning: deprecated conversion from string constant to ‘gchar*’
bookfile.cpp:154: warning: deprecated conversion from string constant to ‘gchar*’
bookfile.cpp:155: warning: deprecated conversion from string constant to ‘gchar*’
bookfile.cpp:156: warning: deprecated conversion from string constant to ‘gchar*’
bookfile.cpp:157: warning: deprecated conversion from string constant to ‘gchar*’
bookfile.cpp: In function ‘BookFile* rw_book_open_file(gchar*)’:
bookfile.cpp:228: warning: deprecated conversion from string constant to ‘gchar*’
bookfile.cpp:229: warning: deprecated conversion from string constant to ‘gchar*’
bookfile.cpp:230: warning: deprecated conversion from string constant to ‘gchar*’
bookfile.cpp:231: warning: deprecated conversion from string constant to ‘gchar*’
bookfile.cpp:232: warning: deprecated conversion from string constant to ‘gchar*’
bookfile.cpp:233: warning: deprecated conversion from string constant to ‘gchar*’
bookfile.cpp:209: warning: ignoring return value of ‘size_t fread(void*, size_t, size_t, FILE*)’, declared with attribute warn_unused_result
make[3]: *** [bookfile.o] 错误 1
make[3]:正在离开目录 `/tmp/word/reciteword-0.8.4/src'
make[2]: *** [all-recursive] 错误 1
make[2]:正在离开目录 `/tmp/word/reciteword-0.8.4/src'
make[1]: *** [all-recursive] 错误 1
make[1]:正在离开目录 `/tmp/word/reciteword-0.8.4'
make: *** [all] 错误 2

3 问题解决

 bookfile.c
pp:95: error: invalid conversion from ‘const char*’ to ‘gchar*

根据以上错误找到 bookfile.cpp 在头文件处加上两句代码

#include "bookfile.h"
#include <cstring>
#include <cstdio>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <fstream>
#include <string>

const gchar* str1;
const gchar* str2 = strchr(str1, 'a');

再找到函数 (大概在90行里)

static gchar *
rw_book_get_value (const gchar * str1, gchar * str2,gint utf8)
-----------------------------------------------------

把原来的 tmp1 = strstr (str1, str2);
改为 tmp1 = (gchar*)strstr (str1, str2);
经过上面的改动 再编译即可

编译成功,要安装到/usr/local/share/reciteword/:

tar -xjvf reciteword-books-0.8.5.tar.bz2 -C /usr/local/share/reciteword/
tar -xjvf reciteword-dicts-0.8.2.tar.bz2 -C /usr/local/share/reciteword/
tar -xjvf reciteword-skins-rw-0.8.2.tar.bz2 -C /usr/local/share/reciteword/skins
tar -xjvf reciteword-skins-rw_en-0.8.2.tar.bz2 -C /usr/local/share/reciteword/skins
tar -xjvf WyabdcRealPeopleTTS.tar.bz2 -C /usr/share

搞定

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